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Hypothermia management guidelines

The intent of the Guideline is to provide clinicians with a practical, bedside approach to the prevention, care, and management of the adult surgical patient with unplanned perioperative hypothermia. The Guideline is designed to explore the physiological basis for perioperative hypothermia and cite clinical studies linking perioperative hypothermia to adverse outcomes. The Guideline has five major goals Guideline Only/Not a Substitute for Clinical Judgment September 2012 Page 1 of 11 Hypothermia Prevention, Monitoring, and Management HYPOTHERMIA PREVENTION, MONITORING, AND MANAGEMENT Original Release/Approval 2 Oct 2006 Note: This CPG requires an annual review The clinical presentation of hypothermia includes a spectrum of symptoms and is grouped into the following three categories: mild, moderate, and severe. Management depends on the degree of.. to discuss management options. • Consider tolerating sinus bradycardia if this is consistent with the patient's temperature. • For hypothermic patients in cardiac arrest: - The lack of signs of life in a hypothermic patient cannot reliably be used for recording life extinct. - Good outcomes have been reported post prolonge The pre-hospital management of the hypothermic patient should be focused on: prevention of further drops in body temperature stabilisation of the patient following basic life support (BLS) and advanced life support (ALS) protocols maintenance of the patient in a supine position, an

  1. g, resuscitation, wilderness medicine, cold, shivering.
  2. g phase begins
  3. This guideline covers preventing and managing inadvertent hypothermia in people aged 18 and over having surgery. It offers advice on assessing patients' risk of hypothermia, measuring and monitoring temperature, and devices for keeping patients warm before, during and after surgery
  4. Hypothermia is defined as a core temperature below 35°C (95°F). The stage of hypothermia, defined by core temperature, has a large impact on both recognition and treatment. The most commonly used definitions found in the literature are as follows [ 8,9 ]: ● Mild hypothermia - Core temperature 32 to 35°C (90 to 95°F
  5. 2015 AHA Guidelines Update for Post-Arrest Care Dr. Abella's slides from his recent lecture Highlights from the 2015 Guideline's Update at the Hypothermia and Resuscitation Training (HART) Institute at Penn. Highlights from the 2015 Recommendations for Post-Cardiac Arrest Care from the American Heart Association include
Life Support Guidelines for Treatment of Mild to Severe

Therapeutic hypothermia or targeted temperature management (TTM) following cardiac arrest has been shown to attenuate neurologic damage and improve survival. Recent evidence has shown similar outcomes between cooling the patient to 32-34C for 24 hours and maintaining normothermia. No significant benefit has been found for the use of therapeutic hypothermia to 32-34C. The optimal target temperature following cardiac arrest remains unknown Seek immediate medical attention for anyone who appears to have hypothermia. Until medical help is available, follow these first-aid guidelines for hypothermia. First-aid tips. Be gentle. When you're helping a person with hypothermia, handle him or her gently. Limit movements to only those that are necessary. Don't massage or rub the person Hypothermia, defined as a core body temperature less than 36°C (96.8°F), is a relatively common occurrence in the unwarmed surgical patient. A mild degree of perioperative hypothermia can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality.. This issue of Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice describes the workup and emergent management of primary hypothermia in pediatric patients. It provides guidance for prompt diagnosis and management strategies for stabilization, and recommendations for transfer to a pediatric referral center when necessary. Critical Appraisal of the Literatur To prevent or manage deterioration of a cold patient, treatment of hypothermia should ideally begin prehospital. Little effort has been made to integrate existent literature about prehospital temperature management

Hypothermia Management Prior to cooling obtain the following studies: Arterial blood gases, complete blood count, chemistry panel, lactate level, cardiac enzymes, coagulation parameters, amylase, lipase, liver function tests, chest radiograph, electrocardiogra Access the latest version of Guideline for the Prevention of Hypothermia in AORN's Facility Reference Center under Guidelines, Hypothermia. Listen to Burlingame's detailed explanation of the guideline updates through this free-to-members webinar and take advantage of updated members-only Guideline Essentials ' resources on the guideline. Prehospital management focuses on preventing further heat loss, rewarming the body core temperature, and avoiding precipitating ventricular fibrillation or another malignant cardiac rhythm. This.. management at either 33°C or 36°C. In response to these new data, the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation Advanced Life Support Task Force performed a systematic review to evaluate 3 key questions: (1) Should mild induced hypothermia (or some form of targeted temperature management) be used in comatose post-cardiac arrest patients

Diagnosis and Treatment of Hypothermia - American Family

Management of malignant hyperthermia: diagnosis and

To guide staff with the assessment and management of hypothermia. Definition Hypothermia is core temperature < 35°C. Young children are at risk due to high body surface area to weight ratio. Background . Hypothermia is usually due to environmental causes e.g. immersion and exposure. Check core temperature using a rectal or oesophageal thermometer Cardiac drugs and defibrillation are not usually effective in the presence of acidosis, hypoxia and hypothermia. These treatments should usually be reserved until the patient is warmed until at least 28°C. Cardiopulmonary bypass has been used in patients with severe hypothermia Keywords Targeted temperature management Hypothermia Normothermia Controlled normothermia Fever treatment Therapeutic hypothermia Guideline GRADE methodology Implementation guideline Shivering Metabolism Patient management Systematic review Complications Introduction After neurologic injury, the brain is vulnerable to sec-. hypothermia is made by the ED or Admitting physician and orders are written. 6. You may have to assist with the insertion of an arterial line. 7. A minimum of 2 large bore IVs is necessary to begin therapy (one may be an IO) 8. If a central line is placed it is best placed prior to vasoconstriction of vessels, but do not delay initiatio

Hypothermia - Management Approach BMJ Best Practic

Wilderness Medical Society Clinical Practice Guidelines

Hypothermia is defined as <35C (95F). Temperatures <36 (96.8) raise concern for sepsis. Hypothermia should be treated with respect (it's generally more ominous than fever). clinical consequences of hypothermia The table above summarizes the clinical effects of different levels of hypothermia Targeted temperature management (TTM), or hypothermia protocol, is a therapeutic treatment option that is used as part of a post-resuscitation pathway. It has been identified as a measure to protect neurological function in comatose patients after cardiac arrest. The mechanism of action is likely related to reductions in cerebral blood flow, intracranial pressure, and cerebral edema. Physician work associated with hypothermia may be reported with the critical care service codes. Each insurer may handle coding and payment for this code differently. It is prudent to check with insurance carriers to assess their coding recommendation for hypothermia induction and temperature management for sudden cardiac arrest. References. 1

Therapeutic Hypothermia: Adverse Events, Recognition

Overview Hypothermia: prevention and management in

An algorithm for the treatment of frostbite is shown in Figure 2.18, 19, 21 - 25 Hypothermia management should take precedence over treating frostbite.17 Jewelry should be removed, wet clothing. Hypothermia or strict normothermia after cardiac arrest? Circulation. 2015; 131:669-675. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.012165. Link Google Scholar; 2. Bray JE, Stub D, Bloom JE, Segan L, Mitra B, Smith K, Finn J, Bernard S. Changing target temperature from 33°C to 36°C in the ICU management of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a before and. Management demands attention to hypothermia and local cold-induced injury as well as to coexisting intoxication, trauma, infection and central nervous system disease. Hypothermia Moderate to severe hypothermia is a medical emergency necessitating maintenance of airway, breathing and circulation Introduction. Therapeutic Hypothermia (TH) improves neurological recovery and reduces mortality after global ischemia, such as in patients with cardiac arrest 1-3, and in infants with moderate or severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy 4.The therapeutic effects of hypothermia were discussed as early as 400 BC when Hippocrates mentions the use of snow and ice to reduce hemorrhage in patients 5 VT/VF Hypothermia Guidelines for BMC-CCU I. INDICATIONS: A. Status post VT/VF arrest with the following: i. Should be initiated within a 6 hour post cardiac arrest time window ii. Estimated interval of 5-15 min from collapse to onset of resuscitation iii. Estimated interval less than 60 minutes from collapse to restoration of circulation II

The management of a hypothermic casualty is determined by the stage of hypothermia they are exhibiting. As it can be difficult, or at all possible, to accurately measure core temperature in the field a more practical approach may be to treat according to exhibited behaviours Hypothermia may provide benefit in controlling ICP; however, this has not always translated to improved patient outcomes. Its use for ICP control is considered a Level III recommendation in the Traumatic Brain Injury guidelines published by the Brain Trauma Foundation. Nevertheless, hypothermia is often considered in the management of. This guideline provides recommendations regarding transport, assessment, and treatment of neonatal encephalopathy. The primary management centers around therapeutic hypothermia for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, although etiologies other than HIE must be considered in any infant with encephalopathy. Transport and initial management c. Apply the Ready-Heat Blanket from the Hypothermia Prevention and Management Kit (HPMK) to the casualty's torso (not directly on the skin) and cover the casualty with the Heat-Reflective Shell (HRS). Read the guidelines. 5. retain heat and keep the casualty dry. Tactical Field Care Guidelines 7. Hypothermia Prevention d

UpToDat

The Guideline for Prevention of Hypothermia was approved by the AORN Guidelines Advisory Board and became effective as of July 1, 2019. The recommendations in the guideline are intended to be achievable and represent what is believed to be an optimal level of practice. Policies and procedures will reflect variations in practice settings and/or. Over the recent period, the use of induced hypothermia has gained an increasing interest for critically ill patients, in particular in brain-injured patients. The term targeted temperature management (TTM) has now emerged as the most appropriate when referring to interventions used to reach and maintain a specific level temperature for each individual Hypothermia occurs when body temperature drops below 95°F (35°C). It is a medical emergency. Learn more about symptoms, diagnosis, and treatments

CritCases 12 Accidental Hypothermia and Cardiac Arrest. In this CritCases blog - a collaboration between STARS Air Ambulance Service, Mike Betzner and EM Cases - Michael Misch takes us through a case of accidental hypothermia and cardiac arrest, reviewing the controversies in management as well as the guidelines for rewarming, the role of. 1. Neonatal provider identifies patient who meets the criteria for TH, informs the family of hypothermia treatment and its risks/benefits. 2. Delivery room management • Initiate servo controlled mild hypothermia with a target temperature of 35-36ºC. • Ensure infant is completely dried from post-delivery fluids. Remove hat, diaper and blankets Hypothermia: An abnormally low body temperature, where the body temperature drops below a safe level. Both low temperatures and hypothermia can be caused by environmental factors, metabolic complications, disease processes, or can be medically induced. Temperature Management Nursing Guideline Evidence Table 2019

MANAGEMENT IN SEVERE TRAUMA - 2013 • Whilst massive hemorrhage continues to be a major cause of mortality, it is often reversible. WMS consensus guidelines for the treatment of hypothermia - 2015 Taylor E. et al 2008 . KIRKPATRICK ET AL HYPOTHERMIA IN THE TRAUMA PATIEN Targeted temperature management (therapeutic hypothermia). Overview of neuronal apoptosis and approaches to inhibit this cell death cascade. Caspases play an important role as signal transducers. Hypothermia Treatment and Management. If hypothermia is suspected, it is important to ascertain the patient's core temperature. When infrared cutaneous, aural, or oral thermometers are used to measure temperature in patients with hypothermia, the results are often inaccurate Based on new evidence, additional clinical experience and clearer management guidelines and documentation, the treatment of accidental hypothermia has been refined. ECLS has substantially improved survival and is the treatment of choice in the patient with unstable circulation or cardiac arrest

Introduction. In accordance with the 2015 guidelines of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR), 1 targeted temperature management with a target of 32°C to 36°C (moderate. Therapeutic hypothermia (also called targeted temperature management) is now recommended in international resuscitation guidelines, and its use has been extended to cardiac arrest of other causes. The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) issued an advisory statement on temperature management in 2015 and this was followed by American Heart Association Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care [2, 3]. This review summarizes and compares these recommendations along with the.

Therapeutic hypothermia is a type of treatment. It's sometimes used for people who have a cardiac arrest. Cardiac arrest happens when the heart suddenly stops beating. Once the heart starts beating again, healthcare providers use cooling devices to lower your body temperature for a short time. It's lowered to around 89°F to 93°F (32°C to 34°C). The treatment usually lasts about 24 hours 1. Targeted Temperature Management in Critical Care: Mechanism of Benefit, Clinical Use and Recommendations, and Relevant Formal Guidelines Bassel Ericsoussi, MD Fellow, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine University of Illinois Medical Center at Chicago. 2. Q1A 35-year-old pregnant woman collapses on the street, and emergency medical. Adult Specific Guidelines. Trauma Activation Criteria. Checklist for Burn Admissions. Residents Daily Expectations. Pre-Operative, Operative, Post-Op Procedures for Graft Loss Prevention. Triage, Treatment, and Transfer of the Burn Patient. Hypothermia in Burn Patients Adult ED. Hypothermia Algorithm. Patient Appropriate for Admission

The 2015 AHA Guidelines widens the temperature range for targeted temperature management (formerly known as therapeutic hypothermia), potentially extends the duration of cooling, and expanded. Accidental hypothermia is an unintentional core body temperature of < 35°C when heat loss to surroundings is greater than heat generation. Management should be guided by symptoms, temperature ranges have limited clinical utility; 2010 American Heart Association guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care

CanadiEM MVP Infographic Series – Targeted Temperature

2015 AHA Guidelines Update for Post-Arrest Care

  1. g process. Aim. The aim of this guideline is to describe the management of a patient undergoing therapeutic hypothermia in the NICU . Definition of term
  2. Hypothermia is defined as a core body temperature below 35°C. Hypothermia belongs to the lethal triad (with coagulopathy and acidosis) for trauma victims requiring critical care. The drop in core temperature may be rapid as in immersion in near-freezing water, or slow as in prolonged exposure to more temperate environments
  3. Damage control resuscitation focuses on the treatment of acidosis, coagulopathy, and hypothermia, also known as the lethal triad, in lieu of early definitive management [].While treatment guidelines already exist for acidosis and bleeding, there is no evidence-based systematic approach for managing hypothermia in trauma patients
  4. Methods: The CRICS-TRIGGERSEP trial investigators performed an open-label, randomized, controlled trial comparing moderate therapeutic hypothermia (33°C during the first 24 hours) with targeted normothermia (37°C) in patients with a coma who had been admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) after resuscitation from cardiac arrest with nonshockable rhythm

Hypothermia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clini

  1. guidelines for the most effective use of therapeutic hypothermia in cases of suspected neonatal encephalopathy. With an expanding set of patients for whom this therapy may be applicable, the AMC PSO sought to build a set of literature-supported recommendations. The Task Force began with a review of the latest scientific evidence, guidance
  2. The study by Sun et al. 2 starts a new conversation on perioperative temperature management. Future studies should evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to reduce the degree and duration of intraoperative hypothermia and the effect of these interventions on the broad range of outcomes known to be temperature sensitive
  3. Position paper on day surgery in Australia. Jointly developed with the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons and the Australian Society of Plastic Surgeons. Standards for resuscitation: clinical practice and education. Jointly developed by the Australian Resuscitation Council and the New Zealand Resuscitation Council
  4. The guideline for the management of Cold Stress is a Preferred Management Practice document. A Preferred Hypothermia (literally low-heat) is a condition marked by an abnormally low internal body temperature. It develops when the body cannot maintain a normal core temperature, and body heat is lost to a cold environment faster than it.

Unintended Perioperative Hypothermi

Therapeutic Hypothermia, Encephalopathy, Newborn Seizures, Passive Cooling, Passive Re-warming, Infant Cooling. This is a clinical practice guideline. While the guideline is useful in approaching therapeutic hypothermia, clinical judgment and / or new evidence may favor an alternative plan of care, the rationale for which should b Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management strongly advocates the sharing and archiving of the data and any other artifacts that define and support the results stated in a manuscript in a suitable public repository (in accordance with valid privacy, legal, and ethical guidelines) Hypothermia is a reduction in the mean body temperature. In severe malnutrition, this complication is defined by WHO as a rectal temperature below 35.5 °C (95.9 °F) or an underarm temperature below 35.0° C (95.0 °F). Preventing or treating hypothermia is an important step in the initial stabilization phase of the treatment of children with.

tered. These guidelines are not intended to serve as stan-dards or absolute requirements, but as an evidence-based resource for anesthesia providers and perianesthesia/ perioperative nurses involved in the care of adult patients at risk for, or experiencing perioperative hypothermia. For the purposes of this guideline, the major terms ar Therapeutic Hypothermia Cooling blankets(top and bottom sandwich) 6. Foley catheter 7. NG tube 8. Bladder lavage (to be used only if cooling process not successful within 15-30 minutes) 9. Therapeutic Hypothermia Frequent Vital Sign sheet Cooling the Patient in the first 4 hours 1 Guidelines for the inpatient treatment of severely malnourished children 1 Guidelines for the inpatient urgent need to correct hypothermia, hypoglycaemia and silent infection; • secondly, there is an impairment of the cellular machinery. Management of Severe Malnutrition: a manual for physicians and other. Sarah Parks gave still-birth to a baby boy A young doctor assisting the Parks' regular physician begged for an opportunity to experiment with an idea he had to rouse the lifeless infant. A tub of ice was ordered and the young doctor plunged the baby into it. Out came the screaming little Parks and he was named Gordon after the doctor who prodded him to life.—Sir John Floyer. This is consistent with current best medical practice as recommended by international resuscitation guidelines for hypothermia/targeted temperature management among survivors of cardiac arrest. We found insufficient evidence to show the effects of therapeutic hypothermia on participants with in-hospital cardiac arrest, asystole or non-cardiac.

These changes include minor revisions in the administration of therapeutic hypothermia, hemodynamic goals, and post-arrest medication use. Post-Cardiac Arrest Management Changes. Other 2015-2020 Guideline Changes. Several other important changes were made to the AHA BLS and ACLS Guidelines Guidelines for the Acute Treatment of Cerebral Edema in Neurocritical Care Patients. View: A Statement for Healthcare Professionals from the Neurocritical Care Society, endorsed by the Society for Critical Care Medicine and the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses. The American Academy of Neurology has affirmed the value of this guideline Based on new evidence, additional clinical experience and clearer management guidelines and documentation, the treatment of accidental hypothermia has been refined. ECLS has substantially improved survival and is the treatment of choice in the patient with unstable circulation or cardiac arrest

Hypothermia - Frostbite - Frostni

Therapeutic hypothermia (also called targeted temperature management) refers to deliberate reduction of the core body temperature, typically to a range of about 32° to 34° C (89.6° to 93.2° F) in patients who don't regain consciousness after return of spontaneous circulation following a cardiac arrest Accidental hypothermia is a life threatening condition that can lead to a challenging resuscitation. The very young, old, and intoxicated patient are at high risk to developing hypothermia, even in temperate climates. The pathophysiologic changes from hypothermia make the standard ACLS approach insufficient to care for the hypothermic patient Hypothermia Clear Filters. AORN Journal Article: Guidelines in Practice: Hypothermia Prevention. for Hypothermia. AORN Journal Article: The Effectiveness of Four Intervention Methods for Preventing Inadvertent Perioperative Hypothermia During Total Knee or Total Hip Arthroplasty. for Hypothermia On the basis of these observations and research findings, the Committee on Tactical Combat Casualty Care decided to review the hypothermia prevention and management guidelines in 2018 and to update them on the basis of these facts and that no update has occurred in 14 years Neonatal hypothermia and adherence to World Health Organisation thermal care guidelines among newborns at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital, Kenya. Winstone Mokaya Nyandiko 1,2, Paul Kiptoon1, Florence Ajaya Lubuya1*. 1. Department of Child Health and Paediatrics, Moi University College of Health Science University and the MTRH management

The prehospital management of hypothermia - An up-to-date

American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care (2015). Guidelines and Recommendations for the use of therapeutic hypothermia following cardiac arrest. Retrieved July 4, 2019. Visit Source. Arctic Sun 5000 for therapeutic hypothermia after cardiac.. Jul 01, 2017. Retrieved July 4, 2019 Okay - rather than 'therapeutic hypothermia', the recommended phrase now is 'targeted temperature management'. Several critical care authorities got together to produce clinical recommendations on this topic. Here are a few interesting points from the document: On coagulation: Hypothermia affects platelet function and prolongs the prothrombin time and partial thromboplastin time Targeted Temperature Management: Operationalizing the New Guidelines Michael N. Cocchi MD Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School. Critical Care and Emergency Medicine. • Briefly review the evidence for therapeutic hypothermia • Discuss the 2013 TTM Trial + new ILCOR/AHA guidelines Effective diagnosis and management of hypothermia depend upon the use of a low-reading thermometer to determine core temperature; many standard thermometers read only to a minimum of 34° C (93.

PPT - Therapeutic Hypothermia After Cardiac ArrestGuidelines Online Assessment - AORN INCTargeted temperature management: beneficial or not

4 Updates for More Effective Hypothermia Prevention

Targeted temperature management (TTM) refers to strict temperature control following cardiac arrest. Current evidence suggests TTM after cardiac arrest (CA) improves neurologically intact survival, though the mechanism is uncertain. Prior to TTM, the term 'therapeutic hypothermia' was used — this was superseded by TTM due to concerns that. Cohort studies comparing mild induced hypothermia (32-34 C) to no temperature management in OHCA found no difference in neurological outcome. 5-7 . While a retrospective registry study of 1830 patients documented an increase in poor neurological out-come among those with shockable OHCAnon and treated with mild hypothermia. 8. One retrospectiv Hypothermia and Neonatal Encephalopathy ; Cooling for Newborns with Hypoxic Ischaemic Encephalopathy ; Effect of Depth and Duration of Cooling on Deaths in the NICU Among Neonates With Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy ; Effect of Depth and Duration of Cooling on Death or Disability at Age 18 Months Among Neonates With Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopath

integrated management of neonatal and childhood illnessesMassive Transfusion Protocols - Crashing Patient

Hypothermia Treatment & Management: Prehospital Care

Become familiar with the guidelines for prevention, monitoring, and management of hypothermia in pediatric trauma patient. Definitions. Primary hypothermia occurs when heat production is normal, but body temperature decreases as a result of severe heat loss due to environmental conditions; Secondary hypothermia is a result of diminished heat. (2011) Therapeutic Hypothermia for Management of neonatal asphyxia: What nurses need to know. Critical care Nurse. June 2011, Vol 31, No 3, ppe1-e12. Fairchild. K et al (2010) Therapeutic hypothermia on neonatal transport: 4year experience in a single NICU. Journal of Perinatology, Vol 30, pp324-9. Holton.T (2014) Therapeutic hypothermia in the. Study Rundown: International guidelines indicate targeted hypothermia in the management of patients after an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest to prevent hypoxic-ischemic brain damage. However, the evidence of survival and neurologic benefits to support this approach is of low certainty with a high risk of bias Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics — 2021 Update. The Statistical Update presents the latest data on a range of major clinical heart and circulatory disease conditions (including stroke, congenital heart disease, rhythm disorders, subclinical atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, heart failure, valvular disease, venous disease, and peripheral artery disease) and the associated outcomes. hypothermia is effective beyond 6 hours. A review of the UK TOBY Hypothermia register found that 2.2% of infants were cooled >12 hours (15). The results of an RCT Late hypothermia for HIE are awaited (NCT00614744) which may help resolve this issue. Start hypothermia within 6 hours in borderline or uncertain cases as this decision coul

ILCOR Advisory Statemen

Respiratory management of asphyxiated infants is challenging because both the hypoxic-ischemic (HI) insult and hypothermia have an impact on respiratory functions (Fig. 1). Perinatal hypoxia is. Targeted temperature management (TTM) previously known as therapeutic hypothermia or protective hypothermia is an active treatment that tries to achieve and maintain a specific body temperature in a person for a specific duration of time in an effort to improve health outcomes during recovery after a period of stopped blood flow to the brain. This is done in an attempt to reduce the risk of.

3.6 Effect of perioperative strategies that minimise blood loss 3.6.2 Prevention of hypothermia. The detailed findings of the systematic review for this intervention can be found in Section 3.6.1 of Volume 1b of the technical report.4 The literature search identified three Level I systematic reviews149-151 and five Level II studies152-156 - of varying quality - examining the effect of. The therapeutic hypothermia process often begins with an IV of cold liquid to cool the person's body quickly. The person's body is slowly warmed 12 to 24 hours later. Several methods may be used to keep body temperature at a cooled level: Ice packs, icy cold wet towels, or fans may be used. The ice packs are placed on the person's neck, armpits. Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management Editor-in-Chief: W. Dalton Dietrich, III, PhD ISSN: 2153-7658 Online ISSN: 2153-7933 Published Quarterly Current Volume: 1 Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is recognized as the significant cause of mortality and morbidity in the world. To reduce unfavorable outcome in TBI patients, many researches have made much efforts for the innovation of TBI treatment. With the results from several basic and clinical studies, targeted temperature management (TTM) including therapeutic hypothermia (TH) have been recognized as the.